Last updated: Monday, March 27, 2017
Speedier Agriculture Production RestructuringPosted: Thursday, April 19, 2012
Despite facing numerous difficulties and challenges, Dak Lak province managed to stabilise and develop agricultural production in 2011. With growth of 5.5 percent in the year (2.3 percent higher than national growth), the agricultural sector played a significant role in ensuring local State budget revenues, macroeconomic stability, social security and food security. The countryside economy is developing in a positive way, and the life of local people is improving.
Good growth rate
Agricultural land accounts for over 80 percent of total natural area in Dak Lak province; agriculture generates jobs for more than 70 percent of its workforce; agricultural value accounts for about 46 percent of gross domestic product (GDP); and agricultural exports make up 90 percent of its export value. Hence, the development of agricultural production can affect other areas of the provincial economy (industry, construction and service) and the overall development of the province.
Mr Trang Quang Thanh, Director of Dak Lak Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, said the provincial agricultural sector has achieved encouraging results. In particular, the cultivation sector has a good growth rate. All targets related to area, productivity and output of short-day crops meet or exceed annual plans.
Mechanisation is increasingly applied to agricultural production, particularly in land preparation, planting and harvesting. Crop restructuring is stepped up, with more good, hybrid varieties put into mass production. This process helped the province top a million tonnes of foods a year. Accelerated farming extension is gradually changing farming practices, particularly among ethnic minorities.
Coffee output is estimated at over 400,000 tonnes, accounting for 40 percent of the country’s production. The structure of long-day industrial crop areas has been changed, with significantly larger acreages of rubber and pepper. Industrial crop products have played a vital role in the province’s exports.
The livestock sector is favourably developed thanks to rising product prices, better veterinary work and successful disease control. The livestock and poultry population is thus expanded significantly. The fishery sector also has developed thanks to new adaptations.
As regards forestry, the Provincial People’s Committee pays close attention to forest management and protection. It hosts regular meetings and conferences on the issue; guides new policies for concerned branches, localities and forest owners; organises inspecting teams to examine, supervise, guide and support localities and forest owners to strengthen measures to prevent and handle acts of encroaching forests.
Especially, the province organises a model of combining agriculture and forestry to attract more investment capital from all economic sectors.
Maintaining stable and sustainable growth
According to Mr Thanh, in 2012, the province is seeing certain advantages for agricultural production because its key agricultural products like coffee, rubber, pepper, cashew, cassava and sugar cane have high prices. This positive development helps the province expand production and increase incomes for farmers, and has a positive effect on other sectors such as service, industry, construction, and export. However, the volatile global economic situation, rising prices of input materials, new price levels of many goods and services, unfavourable weather, and complex development of livestock, fowl and crop diseases have negatively impacted economic production in general and the agricultural sector in particular.
In this context, the agricultural sector identifies general objectives: Maintaining stable and sustainable growth of the sector, effectively applying scientific and technical advancements and new species and varieties, speeding up intensive farming, and enhancing productivity and investment efficiency; stepping up production restructuring to enhance productivity, quality, safety, competitiveness and sustainability of products in association with international economic integration and environmental protection; and strengthening rural development programmes and improving living conditions of farmers, especially people in remote areas and ethnic minorities. The province strives to achieve VND7,000 - 7,060 billion of agricultural, forestry and fishery production in 2012, up 4 - 5 percent over 2011. Dak Lak also puts forth following specific objectives:
Cultivation: The province will maintain the currently cultivated area, apply technical advances and new varieties to boost productivity, output and food security, continue with crop restructuring to plant better varieties. Dak Lak attaches much importance to sustainable coffee development project.
Husbandry and aquaculture: The province improves productivity and quality of cattle, poultry and aquatic creatures, apply technical advances to animal husbandry along with timely prevention and treatment of diseases to end the threat of large scale outbreaks.
Quality of seeds, fertilisers and agricultural materials: The locality ensures origins, sources, and quality standards and thoroughly handles counterfeit and substandard goods.
Forestry: Dak Lak province continues consolidating and reorganising the forestry sector, and mobilising resources to effectively manage and protect existing forests and plant new forests, and stabilise living conditions of forest workers. The locality strives to bring forest coverage to 50.6 percent.
Water and flood control: The province continues upgrading and building facilities to provide enough water for 75 percent of crop areas, and bring hygienic water to 80 percent of households in the countryside. It also actively carries out solutions to control floods and minimise the effects of natural disasters.
New countryside construction: The province focuses on completing the countryside construction planning in all communes and steps up the deployment of 19 new countryside criteria. It will strive to complete many criteria ahead of schedule, including strong political - social organisation, security, social order, education infrastructure, cultural houses, telecommunications units, health, water and sanitation criteria.