Last updated: Thursday, May 16, 2013
Population Density to Be Reduced in Hanoi Development PlanningPosted: Wednesday, May 30, 2012
Hanoi will be developed towards more green space and less crowding in the centre
How to have a master plan that helps turn Hanoi into a modern capital in the region is the main topic of the “Hanoi master construction development strategy to 2030 and towards 2050” seminar held by the Hanoi Construction Planning Institute in Hanoi. On the sideline of the seminar, Vietnam Business Forum has an interview with Architect La Thi Kim Ngan, Director of Hanoi Construction Planning Institute. Anh Phuong reports.
Could you provide some details of Hanoi planning?
According to the Hanoi overall construction planning from now to 2030, with a vision to 2050, Hanoi has an administrative area of 3,344 square kilometres, aiming to become a green and modern capital. Under the direction of the Hanoi People's Committee and other competent authorities, the planning will be implemented in three steps. The first step focuses on planning subdivisions, with the first priority given to 17 subdivisions in urban areas approved by the Municipal People’s Committee. In parallel to that, related agencies like the Department of Architecture, the Department of Transport and Department of Construction will have their specialised planning. The Department of Construction is pacing up the completion of basic infrastructure planning like water supply and drainage, wastewater treatment facilities, parks, lakes, gardens, cemeteries, and transport systems through 2015. The next step delves into itemising planning and identifying key sector projects. The final step is investing and building specific projects. In this final step, the city will grant investment licences and investigate licensed projects.
It is said that too-detailed planning may generate so much work for the capital city that it leads to problems. What is your opinion about this point of view?
It is true that the approved master plan will generate a lot of work for Hanoi, much harder than earlier. Besides, market factors, construction technologies, technical infrastructure, land demand of people and land for public utilities will experience big changes. Now, the concern is how to build a master development plan to the smallest detail. The Hanoi Construction Planning Institute chose to expand the central area first to solve “sensitive” matters in the densely populated downtown. According to the plan, the western part and the west of the Nhue River and the Day River will be two new development areas of the suburbs. These areas will be developed into attractive living environments. This is the premise to resolve the long-lasting population density issue in the core area of the capital. In addition, the Nhat Tan - Noi Bai economic development axis is promised to create a new force of vitality for the northern part of the Red River. Particularly, the western axis linking to Ba Vi will supplement the shortcomings of the downtown area.
Do you think this master planning is attractive enough to investors?Currently, to attract domestic and international investors and carry out projects effectively and quickly, we need accurately and clearly defined strategic investment projects. Besides, we also need to determine what are administrative centre construction projects, what are projects for centrally governed administrative offices, diplomatic quarters, historic cultural sites, schools, research centres, economic - financial centres, airports, ports and other facilities. When the positions and purposes of specific projects are clearly defined, we must take into account financial balancing factors as well as the principles of market mechanisms that may affect projects. Only when we separate purposes and locations of construction projects, can we attract domestic and foreign investors. We must offer equal opportunities for investors of all economic sectors.